Glowing in the Gulf: Radiation, Genetically Engineered Drugs, and
the Gulf War Syndrome by Mitchel Cohen
- 1. Patrick Sloyan, "For Gulf War Troops, Fire Wasn't
- _New York Newsday_, August 10, 1991.
- 2. Dan Fahey, "Collateral Damage: How U.S. Troops
Were Exposed To
- Depleted Uranium During the Persian Gulf War," in
_Metal of Dishonor:
- Depleted Uranium: How the Pentagon Radiates Soldiers
and Civilians with DU
- Weapons_, International Action Center, 1997, p. 28. Fahey
is a director of
- the National Depleted Uranium Citizens' Network of the
- Project (MTP), PO Box 845, Sabattus, ME 04280; (207)
- 3. One of the first extensive exposes of DU in a mainstream
- was written by Eric Hoskins, "Making the Desert
Glow," Op-Ed in _The NY
- Times_, Jan. 21, 1993. Also, see Nama Lefkir-Lafitte
and Roland Laffite,
- "The Use of Radioactive Weapons Against the 'Iraqi
Enemy'," in _Le Monde
- Diplomatique_, April, 1995.
- 4. Jay M. Gould and Benjamin A. Goldman, _Deadly Deceit:
- Radiation, High Level Cover Up_, Four Walls Eight Windows
Press, 1990; Dr.
- Ernest J. Sternglass, _Nuclear Radiation & the Destruction
of the Immune
- System_, Red Balloon Collective, 1993; and, Sternglass,
- Radiation: The story of one scientist's attempt to call
public attention to
- radiation damage to infants and the unborn_, Ballantine
- 5. Bill Mesler, "The Pentagon's Radioactive Bullet,"
_The Nation_, Oct. 21,
- 6. U.S. Army Environmental Policy Institute (AEPI), _Health
- Environmental Consequences o f Depleted Uranium Use in
the U.S. Army:
- Technical Report_, June 1995, p.102.
- 7. ibid., p.l02.
- 8. Fahey, op cit.
- 9. ibid.
- 10. Dr. J.W. Gofman, a biomedical researcher for the
- Francisco-based Committee for Nuclear Responsibility.
- I 1. Nama Lefkir-Lafitte and Roland Laffite, in "The
- Radioactive Weapons Against the 'Iraqi Enemy',"
_Le Monde Diplomatique_,
- April, 1995, cite a report by the British Authority for
the Control of
- Atomic Energy, as follows: "The Report also underscores
that the greatest
- danger comes from uranium dust produced when projectiles
hit and incinerate
- vehicles.... On impact a high proportion of the metallic
- transformed into an aerosol whose fine particles, easily
carried by the
- wind, are easily absorbed.") A U.S. Army fact sheet
states: "When a DU
- penetrator impacts a target surface, a large portion
of the kinetic energy
- is dissipated as heat. This results in smoke which contains
- concentration of DU particles. These uranium particles
can be inhaled or
- ingested and are toxic." (Skogman, D.P., "Depleted
Uranium Facts," for
- Commander, U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command, Department
of the Army,
- May 24, 1991.) And a March 7, 1991 directive issued by
the army's Armament,
- Munitions, and Chemical Command reads: "Any system
struck by a DU
- penetrator can be assumed to be contaminated with DU....
Precaution must be
- taken to avoid inhaling or ingesting DU particles. Respirator
- mask should be worn at minimum, along with gloves. Ideally,
- clothing should be worn as well.... [After cleanup] protective
- should be discarded."
- 12. Bill Mesler, "The Gulf War Secret," in
_San Francisco Bay Guardian_,
- Nov. 15, 1995.
- 13. British Atomic Energy Administration, printed in
- Independent_, Nov. 1991. Cited by Eric Hoskins, op cit.,
and Bill Mesler,
- op cit.
- 14. Daniel Ellsberg, "A Call to Mutiny," in
_Protest and Survive_.
- 15. See, for example, Philip J. Hilts, "Gulf War
Syndrome: Is It a
- Real Disease? Many symptoms are reported but no one cause
- _The New York Times_, Nov. 23, 1993, p.C12.
- 16 "2 Studies Seem to Back Veterans Who Trace Illnesses
to Gulf War," _NY
- Times_, Nov. 26, 1996.
- 17 Rachel Jones, "Gulf Vets Sexual Woes," _NY
Daily News_, March 5,
- 1995. See, also, _NY Daily News_, Dec. 4, 1994 for a
- of couples who served in the Gulf whose kids suffered
- defects, some of whom died in their first years.
- 18. Philip Shenon, "Study Links Memory Loss to Nerve
Gas, As in Gulf," _NY
- Times_, May 14, 1997.
- 19 Philip Shenon, "Advisers Condemn Pentagon Review
- Ailments," _NY Times_, Nov. 8, 1996, p.1.
- 20. _NY Times_, May 14, 1997, op cit.
- 21. "U.S. is Missing Gulf War Data on Arms Dump,"
_NY Times_, Dec. 5, 1996,
- 22. Vietnam Veterans Against the War Anti-Imperialist,
- Syndrome-NOT All in Your Head!" _Storm Warning_,
Winter 1996-97. c/o
- VVAW-AI, PO Box 95172, Seattle, WA 98145-2172.
- 23. "Schwarzkopf Is Skeptical That Chemicals Caused
Ills," _NY Times_, 12/6/96.
- 24. "Many Veterans of the Gulf War Detail Illnesses
- Chemicals," _NY Times_, Sept. 20, 1996, p.1. The
headline on the inside
- page (p.A12) twists the story, reading: "Many Gulf
War Veterans Offer
- Details of Exposure to Iraqi Chemical Weapons,"
which _assumes_ they must
- therefore be 1) weapons; and, 2) _Iraqi_ weapons, not
- U.S.-released, when there is no evidence for any of that
in the story
- 25. _NY Times_, Nov. 8, 1996, op cit.
- 31. W.J. Stoessel, et al., _Report of the Chemical Warfare
- Commission_, Appendix E (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government
- 1985), pp. 90-91.
- 32. _NY Times_, January 31, 1977.
- 33. Interview with author, September 1981.
- 34. _NY Newsday_, Nov. 19, 1991.
- 35. Patricia Axelrod, a weapons specialist with a ten-year
- of writing and research, in a study funded by the MacArthur
- Laura Flanders, "Biological Experimentation in the
Gulf War," reprinted by
- the Red Balloon Collective from _The Nation_.
- (article edited)
- 36. U.S. Army Environmental Policy Institute (AEPI),
- Environmental Consequences of Depleted Uranium Use in
the U.S. Army:
- Technical Report_, June 1995, p.4.
- 37._Storm Warning_, 1991.
- 38. ibid.
- 39. "Two Studies Seem to Back Veterans Who Trace
Their Illnesses to
- the Gulf War," _NY Times_, Nov. 26, 1996.
- 40. Flanders, op. cit.
- 41. _Storm Warning_, op cit.
- 42. Ibid.
- 43. _NY Times_, op cit., Dec. 6, 1996.
- 44. Tod Ensign, quoting from DOD flyer, "Gulf War
- Pigs & Disposable GIs," "Covert Action,
- 45. "Gulf War Syndrome-NOT All in Your Head!"
_Storm Warning_, op cit.
- 46. _Storm Warning_, Winter 1996-97, op cit.
- 47. Jeff Nesmith, "Monsanto Altered Dioxin Study,
EPA Memo Says,"
- _Indianapolis Star_, March 23, 1990, p. A3.
- 48. Affidavit in Agent Orange case, _Ivy v. Diamond Shamrock
- Chemicals Co., et al._, CV-89-03361 (E.D.N.Y.) p.8.
- 49. Tod Ensign, op cit.
- 50. _Covert Action_, Winter 1992-93, p.30.
- 51. _The Problem of Chemical and Biological Warfare:
- Today_, vol. II, Stockholm International Peace Research
Institute, 1973, p.
- 52. Charles Piller and Keith Yamamoto, _Gene Wars: Military
- Over the New Genetic Technologies_, New York: Beech Tree
Books, 1988, p.100.
- 53. Harris and Jeremy Paxman, _A Higher Form of Killing:
- Story of Chemical and Biological Warfare_, New York:
Hill and Wang, 1982,
- p. 266.
- 54. "Biological Testing Involving Human Subjects
by the Department
- of Defense," Senate Select Cubcommittee on Health
and Scientifc Research,
- 55. Conn Hallinan, "Using CBW at Home and Abroad,"
_People's Daily World_,
- April 6, 1989.
- 56. "Ethnic Weapons," _Military Review_ (U.S.
Army Command and
- General Staff College, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas), November
1970, pp. 5-11.
- 57. Piller and Yamamoto, op. cit., p. 24; and Andrew
- "Army Gives a Boost to Exotic, Non Lethal Weapons,"
_Defense Week_, October
- 19, 1992.
- Mitchel Cohen is a member of the Red Balloon Collective and the
- Brooklyn Greens/Green Party of NY. He also works with the newly
- formed Labor Party; the Committees of Correspondence; the
- Coalition Against the Southwest Brooklyn Incinerator: the Direct
- Action Network to Free Mumia Abu-Jamal, the Radical Philosophy
- Association, and Blackout Books. He is the author of "BioWar:
- U.S. Government's Secret Experimentation with Biological &
- Chemical Warfare;" "The Capitalist Infesto: Biotechnology
- New World Order"; "The Capitalist System vs. The Immune System;"
- and, "What Is Direct Action?," all of which are available
- writing to him at 2652 Cropsey Ave. #7H, Brooklyn NY 11214, and
- sending along $4.00 for each.